Declassified in 2011, the report on the Chernobyl accident for the first time published the national security archive in the United States. According to American researchers, the statement of Soviet officials about the number of deaths during the explosion of the fourth power unit was not true.
May 2, 1986, in the name of US Secretary of state George Schultz, was published a report in which US intelligence agencies expressed doubt about the veracity of official reports on the number of victims at the 4th power unit in the number of only two people. Doubt was substantiated by the large-scale devastation.
"The entire intelligence community believes the nonsense that only two people were killed," said Assistant Secretary of state for intelligence and research Morton Abramovich.
Abramovich noted that during the day shift about 100 people worked at the RBMK-1000 reactor, the number of employees varied from 25 to 35 people during the night shift. Given that the third unit is located close to the fourth, on the day of the accident in the night shift worked about 70 employees of the nuclear power plant.
The report of the US intelligence services claimed that all employees who were in close proximity to the epicenter of the explosion, or received a lethal dose of radiation, or died on the spot. 134 people who were associated with the maintenance of the reactor or involved in extinguishing the fire were diagnosed with acute radiation sickness — 28 of them died in the first months after the accident.
The accident occurred on April 26, 1986. According to the official version, just at the time of the explosion, one person was killed, another employee of the fourth power unit later died in the hospital.