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  • The name of the most popular Linux distribution has become known


    In addition to fans of Windows and macOS operating systems, there is an audience of users who remain loyal to free Linux. Popular resource Linux-Hardware has published a rating of the most popular distributions of this OS over the past five years.

    The name of the most popular Linux distribution has become known

    Despite the transition of accessory manufacturers to the 64-bit platform, 32-bit assemblies are still popular in the Linux environment, accounting for 8% of all installations. Thanks to such OS versions it is possible to force to work the equipment for which there are no drivers under the 64-bit version of systems.

    The most popular distribution is Ubuntu. It accounts for more than 40% of installations: 27.6% on Ubuntu 18.04 and 13.2% on Ubuntu 19.10. The second line is occupied by Rosa R11 (12.8%), and Mint closes the top three (9.5%).

    The name of the most popular Linux distribution has become known

    One of the most commonly used graphical environments recognized GNOME (30.19%). In second place in popularity is KDE5 (14.42%). As a display manager, Linux fans choose X11.

    According to previously published statistics, today Linux accounts for about 1.61% of computers. Microsoft remains the most popular system with a share of 75.47%. On the second line is the OS from Apple.

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  • Similar Content

    • By DeZire
      Windows vs Linux is a long-standing battle that has been discussed for years. It is important to emphasize that the "best" operating system cannot have a single answer since the best choice really depends on the user's requirements. By discussing the pros and cons of both systems, we hope to provide an objective overview of specific criteria. But before we get started, let's get to know Windows and Linux better.
      Windows operating system

      The Windows operating system was first released in 1985 by Microsoft. Today, it boasts the largest user base in the world. Most of the systems we see today are based on the Windows operating system, which is designed to run on the x86 processor (architecture), including Intel, AMD, and others. The latest version of Windows - Windows 10, released in July 2015, is the successor to Windows 8.1.
      Linux operating system

      The Linux operating system is an open-source OS created in the early 1990s by Linus Torvalds. Based on UNIX, Linux allows users to modify existing code and create different versions or distributions of it that they can reuse and even sell. Linux has become the best choice for configuring servers, so most web pages on the Internet are served by systems supported by one of its distributions. Linux is also widely used in desktop computers, mobile devices, consoles, e-book readers, and more.
      Windows vs Linux: Comparison
      Both Linux and Windows can be considered among the best-operating systems in the world, and both have strengthened their place in computer technology. In this article, we will discuss some of the characteristics of the two operating systems and make a meaningful comparison to help you choose the best OS for your needs. Below are some key differences between the two systems:
      Linux and most of its utilities and libraries are completely free and available for use and modification. Although paid Linux distributions with additional support are available on the market, they are very reasonably priced. Linux, under the GNU General Public License, allows users to modify, use, and even sell their own modified versions in countless ways.
      Microsoft Windows comes with a Microsoft license that does not grant users access to the source code. Thus, no modifications can be performed. The Microsoft license varies from $70 to $200.
      Ease of use

      This comparison can be difficult because it can vary from person to person. However, Linux is constantly updating its usability. With the release of distributions such as Linux Mint, the installation, and configuration process has become easier. Thanks to constant updates, people with little or no technical knowledge can also install software and perform routine tasks, such as sending an email, playing music and videos and browsing the Internet. If you buy a new computer, there is a high probability that it will come with the installed version of Windows. The vast majority of users are already accustomed to its interface. Moreover, the easy-to-use toolbar and easy installation of programs make it an excellent choice for both new and old users.
      Support service
      Since Linux has a huge user base around the world, there is huge online support for Linux. The Linux OS community provides support to users through forums and support websites.
      Windows has easy-to-access support through integrated and interactive help systems, specialized websites, and forums. In addition, numerous videos and books about Windows are available on the Internet for people of all skill levels.

      Since Linux is open source and can be easily modified, there are many available distributions that can be customized depending on the user's needs. If you have knowledge of system programming, you can even change the OS code yourself.
      On Windows, the setting is not so wide, and only a few user settings are available.
      When it comes to speed, Linux easily beats Windows. Unlike Windows, Linux tends to minimize "delays" when it comes to using multiple processes. The Ext4 file system in Linux makes it efficient. The defragmentation process is no longer available in Linux. Linux also competently uses RAM memory, which significantly speeds up the OS.

      Over the past few years, Windows has increasingly focused on advertising. Moreover, Windows saves all your actions thanks to synchronization with OneDrive and analyzing behavior through Cortana to make the assistant better. Many people love the tools that Microsoft Windows offers, but they are obtrusive no matter what.
      Linux users, on the other hand, have an operating system that takes into account the privacy of their users. Linux devices are also equipped with built-in modern encryption tools, which means that users can be assured of better security and less interference from third-party applications.
      Linux is usually more secure than Windows. Despite the fact that Linux still detects attack attempts, thanks to open source technology, everyone can check for vulnerabilities, which makes the identification and elimination process faster and easier. Meanwhile, even though Windows has taken significant steps over the years to improve its security system, it is still a major target for hackers. Because of its large user base, Microsoft is always vulnerable to new threats.
      Command-line usage

      In Linux, the command line is a very convenient and powerful tool used for administration and everyday tasks. On Windows, the 'cmd' command is used to open a command prompt and perform a basic set of operations. It has a PowerShell shell to compensate for limited actions on the command line.
      Since its initial release, Linux has focused on system security, process management, and uptime. Therefore, it can be called a well-known safe and reliable operating system.
      On the contrary, although Microsoft has improved the reliability factor in recent years, it still does not match the level of Linux. It has omitted many features for the sake of convenience and ease of access, which can lead to system instability and security vulnerabilities, making Windows not very reliable compared to Linux.

      On Linux, the user has full control over when and what updates to install. Moreover, without a reboot, the update process is even faster.
      Windows, however, is notorious for its occasional updates that appear at inconvenient times. For novice users who don't know much about update settings, there is no choice but to leave the PC and wait for the update installation process to complete. This is very inconvenient.
      Game Availability

      Windows wins this race by a wide margin. Windows users have access to platforms such as Steam, Epic, and many others that allow them to play both AAA games and small indie games. Although Linux is gradually entering the gaming market, with the introduction of beta support for many games, it still has a long way to go. If you purchase the Linux OS, you can skip a large number of games. Moreover, graphics card manufacturers are focusing their support on Windows because of the larger user base.
      Linux vs Windows: Key Points to Remember
      Linux is a free, open-source OS, while Microsoft is a commercial OS; Linux users can access the OS source code and make changes according to their whims and fantasies, whereas Windows users can't do this; Linux is faster than Windows, especially on powerful systems, while Windows tends to slow down over time; Windows collects data to enhance user experience while Linux maintains user privacy; In terms of reliability, Linux is much more reliable than Windows; In games, Windows has a huge advantage, since most developers create games only for Windows; Linux is a highly reliable system, and errors and vulnerabilities can be easily fixed thanks to the open-source platform, which is difficult to do on Windows, Over the past few years, Linux has become a transition system for large business owners with its features and applications.
      This article provides an overview of the differences between Linux and Windows operating systems. Naturally, to determine the complete difference between the two OS, one article is not enough. If you want to change your operating system from Linux to Windows or Vice versa, we hope this article has provided you with valuable information about the pros and cons of these two systems.
    • By DeZire
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      This article will be useful primarily for those who do not yet know what /etc/fstab is, that is, novice Linux users. It is important for beginners to get a stable system with all the necessary applications with a minimum of effort. In addition, good support is needed in the form of a developed community. What can I recommend?
      Ubuntu and Linux Mint are without a doubt the most popular Linux desktop operating systems with the largest community.
      Ubuntu follows the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: the software should be completely free and users have the right to customize and change it as they see fit. As for me, I consider the standard themes and color solutions that are adopted in Ubuntu by default to be unsuccessful. However, it is an improvement.

      Ubuntu 19.10
      Linux Mint is based on Ubuntu and is almost fully compatible with it, so the problems and their solutions are common here. For a long time, I installed this distribution on office computers in view of the greater similarity with Windows and unpretentiousness to "hardware".
      Manjaro is an equally friendly desktop operating system based on Arch Linux. The obvious advantages of this distribution include an intuitive installation process, automatic hardware detection, special scripts for managing graphics drivers, and extensive desktop customization options. It looks more modern than Ubuntu.

      Manjaro 18
      Deepin Linux - I will not hide the fact that this newcomer has become my favorite and has already been dedicated to a separate blog post. It can't yet boast a community as developed as Ubuntu or Linux Mint, but it is this distribution that I see a huge potential for development. Many Western reviewers have recognized its DDE graphical shell as the most powerful and sophisticated desktop environment for Linux. It easily converts to the familiar style of Windows 10 and is able to mimic macOS. Immediately after installation, all the most necessary programs are available.

      Deepin Linux 15.11 (Windows 10 style)
      The following distributions are very similar to the ones listed above but require more knowledge and time to configure.
      Fedora (formerly Fedora Core) is one of the oldest distributions based on the red Hat Enterprise Linux commercial distribution and supported by the Fedora project community. It strives to be at the forefront of technology, where they are rolled out and then find application in the commercial version. There are also "custom" versions of Fedora called "spins" that focus on games, security, design, scientific computing, and so on.

      Debian is also one of the oldest Linux distributions. Programmers and web developers are especially unevenly breathing towards it, why it is better to ask them. It was Debian that became the progenitor of the aforementioned Deepin Linux.

      Debian 10
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      Arch Linux
      So what is the bottom line? Which of the following Linux distributions was the best? I put the answer to this question at the very beginning of this post.
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      You can see the full list of version changes in the official blog of Linus Torvalds.
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    • OPPO Reno 3 review: Quad camera and lots of memory

      Last year's OPPO Reno 2 smartphone was remembered for its almost flagship characteristics. In the new generation, the emphasis has shifted - the role of the top-end device has been assigned to the Reno 3 Pro, and the standard “three” has become a mid-budget phone. However, Reno 3 received a powerful quad camera, high-quality screen, and a large amount of memory. We find out how good the new product is.

      Four rear modules and a 44-megapixel front-facing camera
      The main camera of Reno 3 received four modules, as in the top-end device of the series - Reno 3 Pro. However, there are some functions missing, such as interpolation up to 108 MP. All the blocks are arranged in a line on an islet that protrudes noticeably upwards if you wear the gadget without a cover.
      The main module has a 1/2-inch sensor with a resolution of 48 MP and a lens with an aperture of f/1.8. As usual, in standard mode, it produces 12-megapixel images, and if desired, you can take photos in full resolution - 48 MP. Telephoto is based on a 13-megapixel sensor and a lens with an f/2.4 aperture. The ultra-wide Angle is equipped with an 8-megapixel sensor and a lens with an f/2.2 aperture. Finally, the 2 MP sensor is designed to assess the depth of the scene.

      Telephoto, in addition to 2x optical zoom, provides a 5x hybrid zoom. The photo app allows you to quickly switch between four shooting modes: ultra-wide angle, 1x, 2x, and 5x.
      All modules can function together with HDR. This option works perfectly in Auto mode, improving both the light and dark tones of contrasting scenes. Artificial intelligence confidently recognizes the scenes being shot and selects settings.
      However, in non-standard lighting conditions, if you choose wide-angle optics, the color rendering will not always be accurate. This does not happen with the main module and the telephoto lens.

      The main module paired with the auxiliary module gives clear portraits and realistic blurs the background
      Reno 3 shoots well in mixed and artificial lighting, as well as in the absence of light in the dark. In the most problematic cases, the Night program helps out. It combines several shots and works out all the tones of contrasting scenes. For shooting with manual settings, an Expert preset is provided.
      Multi-megapixel selfies
      The front camera is built into the display and is located in the middle of its upper edge, in the "drop". The camera is equipped with a 44-megapixel sensor and a wide-angle f/2.4 aperture lens. The default settings are set to a 40-megapixel resolution of images. And the full one is selected by pressing a separate on-screen button. The image quality in both cases is approximately the same. Sharpness appears only from a distance of about 30 cm, that is, for example, it is impossible to obtain a macro photograph of your eye. It seems that the calculation was made for shooting with outstretched hands or a selfie stick. For self-portraits, there are traditionally many beauty options: smoothing the skin, correcting the shape of the face and nose, eye size, and so on.

      Selfies in 44MP mode
      The smartphone records 4K videos at 30 fps. The supported format is Full HD with 30 and 60 fps, as well as slow-motion clips in HD and Full HD. During movie shooting, you can freely switch the zoom.
      In 4K mode at 30 frames per second, the gadget produces a picture with the correct color reproduction and high definition. But when working with hands, stabilization is noticeably lacking.
      Shooting in Full HD at 60 fps uses Ultra Steady Video 2.0 stabilization, which makes the picture smoother.
      Work and entertainment without lags
      Reno 3 is built on an eight-core MediaTek Helio P90 chipset. The new product in AnTuTu gives out figures comparable to the results of Kirin 970 and Snapdragon 712, and slightly ahead of Snapdragon 710. And in the Geekbench 5 rating - is on par with Snapdragon 845. This speed is sufficient to avoid slowdowns in any applications.
      8 GB of RAM allows you to run multiple programs simultaneously. The built-in fingerprint sensor acts quickly and accurately. There are no performance problems in games. In the popular WoT: Blitz with default graphics settings, the frame rate is confidently kept at 60 fps.

      The device has only one main speaker, which produces clear sound without distortion up to about 90% of the volume. Plus, there is support for Dolby Atmos. In this software add-on, you can add surround sound and a bit of bass - a great option for multimedia applications.
      Unfortunately, you will not be able to create a full stereo pair, because the speaker is quieter than the main one. But in Reno3 Pro two speakers shake as if you are holding a good Bluetooth speaker in your hands. Complete in-ear headphones deliver high-quality sound. Thanks to the audio jack, you can connect your favorite accessory.

      The built-in storage is not too large: 128 GB. But it is easy to increase it by using a microSD memory card. It is placed in a triple slot next to two nano-SIM cards. We had a 512 GB test card at hand - it worked without problems.
      High autonomy
      The gadget is powered by a 4025 mAh battery and supports VOOC 3.0 fast charging technology. A 20 W adapter and a complete cable during the test provided recharging at high speed. For example, from 33 to 78%, the battery was charged in 13 minutes, and up to 100% in 27.
      An hour-long shootout in WoT: Blitz (display brightness - 50%) consumes 11 percent of the battery. That is, without going to the outlet, it is about 9 hours of offline gaming. In Flight-mode, with the same brightness, about 4.4% of the battery charge is spent per hour playing the video in Full HD. Therefore, you should expect 22 hours of offline video viewing. Excellent results!

      If long-term autonomy is not so important, you can disable power consumption optimization in the settings and select "High performance". In this case, the device will work a little faster, and the battery consumption will be stronger.
      Great screen
      Reno 3 is equipped with an AMOLED panel with a diagonal of 6.4 inches, a resolution of FHD+ (2400x1080 pixels), and an aspect ratio of 20:9. The display occupies 90.8% of the front panel area, has a teardrop-shaped cutout for the front and thin frames. The image is clear, with rich but natural colors. The viewing angles are large, and the brightness reserve is sufficient for using the phone on the street in any weather. With minimal screen light, it is comfortable to read in a dark room. And at night, you can switch to "Dark mode" - in fact, this is an inverse version of the design: with a black display and a white font. Many people will find it even more convenient, and it also saves battery life.
      Branded shell of the seventh version
      Reno 3 is running a proprietary ColorOS 7 shell based on Android 10. When comparing with the previous version, you can see that the font has not changed, but many icons have been redrawn. However, their shape and size can be easily changed at your own discretion. The screen can be converted to a split format - just make a three-finger swipe up.
      Specifications of OPPO Reno 3
      DISPLAY: 6.4 ", FHD + (2400x1080), 20: 9
      CHIPSET: CPU MediaTek Helio P90 (MT6779V), 2.2 GHz, GPU PowerVR GM 9446
      RAM: 8 GB
      STORAGE: 128 GB
      MAIN CAMERA: main - 48 megapixels (f/1.8) + 13 megapixels (telephoto) + 8 megapixels (wide-angle) + 2 megapixels (scene depth sensor);
      FRONT CAMERA: - 44 megapixels with f/2.4 aperture
      BATTERY: 4025 mAh
      FEATURES: a sub-screen fingerprint sensor, an NFC module, an audio output, support for microSD cards up to 256 GB (without SIM replacement), a proprietary shell ColorOS 7, three body colors: black, white and blue.
      Test results
      ANTUTU: 223,438
      GEEKBENCH: 5 428 single-core, 1568 multi-core
      AUTONOMY: about 22 hours of video playback

      The OPPO Reno 3 is an interesting device with balanced characteristics. From the first minutes, the beautiful design, slim body, and high-quality 6.4-inch screen make you happy. Later on - high performance, fast recharging, and good battery life. The advantages include the photo-filling, including a 44-megapixel front camera. In addition, the built-in drive can be expanded with a memory card, but not to the detriment of the second SIM card - a trifle, but nice.

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