Some discoveries of astrophysicists are not only amazing but once again reminded how little humanity knows about space. For example, more recently, scientists have discovered 130 million light years from Earth "impossible" black hole with oddities. This discovery has already called into question a number of scientific theories.
The peculiarity of the object — a giant shining ring of matter, characteristic of supermassive black holes. The giant is located in the spiral galaxy NGC 3147 in the constellation Dragon. It was discovered using the Hubble space telescope. The bright glowing disk around is dust and gas, which are close to the gravitational pull area, causing it to swirl and heat up, emitting light. Such rings are characteristic of supermassive black holes because only they attract so much matter. That's just to be in NGC 3147 should not — until recently, scientists believed that in the dim galaxy is not enough substance to "recharge" a black hole.
"What we saw was a real surprise for us. We found that the gas in motion has properties that can only be explained by the fact that it is created by the material rotating in a thin disk in the extreme proximity to the black hole," said one of the authors of the study Ari Laor.
Scientists believe that the substance in the ring rotates at a speed of more than 10% of the light. The color of the radiation is slightly shifted towards the red spectrum due to the high mass of the hole, 250 million times greater than the solar one. The glowing disk is similar to those found in "gravitational monsters" of much brighter and more active galaxies. The researchers even called the NGC 3147 "quasar in miniature." The discovery called into question a number of theories and models that have long been considered dogmatic. Astronomers are going to continue to search for such objects in dim systems.