The only known black hole visualization, until recently, was a photograph provided by the National Science Foundation. But due to the specifics of a space object that absorbs light, scientists managed to photograph only its shadow. The situation was taken to be corrected by NASA: the aerospace agency published the most realistic visualization of changes in space and time near one of the most mysterious "inhabitants" of space.
The presented animation demonstrates the "work" of a black hole. The substance collected around the “funnel” is an accretion disk of a substance heated by friction. Due to the incredibly high gravity, the black hole distorts even the light - it seems that near the object of observation, space and time change.
The disk is scattered and the formation of magnetic fields. The gas located near the black hole rotates at a speed close to the speed of light, and the outer layers rotate more slowly. Due to this difference in speed, light and dark bands are formed.
“It is these simulations that help us better understand and visualize what Albert Einstein talked about when he argued that gravity distorts the fabric of space and time,” said Jeremy Schuitman, one of the authors of the project.
Earlier, a team of astronomers, the first to publish a picture of a black hole, announced its intention to shoot a short film that reveals the principle of its action. Its premiere is expected next year.