"Made in China: From this issue, you will learn about the first results of the study of the "dark" side of the moon; blocking the largest online encyclopedia and the escape of major manufacturers from China.
The study of the "dark" side of the moon gave the first results
At the beginning of the year, the Chinese device "Chang'e-4" made the first soft landing on the back of the moon in the history of mankind. One of its tasks was to collect data from the largest crater in the solar system to help scientists understand how the earth's satellite developed. The first results were published in the journal Nature on May 16.
In the 70s of the last century, there was a theory that initially, the surface of the moon covered the ocean of magma. Over time he began to cool down, and lungs minerals have surfaced to the surface, and more heavy — drowned. The result is a top layer of basalts covering the mantle of minerals such as olivine and pyroxene. When asteroids and space debris hit the surface of the moon, they lifted the lower parts of the mantle to the surface.
"Knowledge of the composition of the lunar mantle is essential to test whether there has ever been a magmatic ocean. It will also help us better understand the thermal and magmatic evolution of the moon," said Li Chunlai, Professor at the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
According to the Professor, knowledge about the evolution of the moon can reveal new details about the evolution of the Earth and other planets, because its surface is relatively untouched.
Photos from the "dark" side of the moon
"Chang'e-4" landed in the lunar basin of the South pole of Aitken, which extends for 2500 kilometers. Lunokhod collected samples of spectral data from flat areas of the basin and deep craters in the vicinity. The researchers expected to find many minerals from the mantle of the moon on the plane of the basin but instead found only small traces of olivine — the main component of the earth's upper mantle.
"The lack of an abundance of olivine in the pool of the South pole of Aitken remains a mystery. Could the predictions about the olivine-rich lunar mantle be wrong?"Li Chunlai said.
After studying samples from deeper craters, the researchers still found more traces of olivine. Experts intend to use "Chang'e-4" to better study the Geology of its landing site and collect much more spectral data. This will confirm or refute the initial results and understand the composition of the lunar mantle.
In China, blocked the "Wikipedia"
Chinese authorities continue to restrict local Internet from foreign resources. Under the lock hit the most popular online encyclopedia "Wikipedia". If earlier in China was limited access only to articles in Chinese, recently the locals cannot view the resource at all. This information has already been officially confirmed by the representatives of the portal.
"In April, the Wikimedia Foundation discovered that Wikipedia had been blocked in China. After analyzing our internal traffic reports, we can confirm that Wikipedia is blocked in all languages," Wikimedia Foundation spokesman Samantha lien said in a May 15 report.
According to experts, the blocking of Wikipedia may be connected with the 30th anniversary of the events in Tiananmen square in 1989. Then, from mid-April to June 4, there were mass protests of students and their brutal suppression by the authorities. In China, blocking often occurs during such anniversaries.
The Wikimedia Foundation noted that they have not received any messages from the Chinese authorities about the reason for the ban on the encyclopedia.
Major manufacturers are fleeing from China
Because of the trade war between the US and China, American companies have to transfer their production from China. Thus, Apple has already instructed Foxconn to launch smartphones in India. According to available information, the iPhones created in India will begin to appear before the end of this year. Foxconn intends to invest $ 356 million in expanding production outside of China, creating more than 25,000 new jobs.
However, while we are not talking about the full transfer of iPhone production outside of China. Reuters believes that the primary goal of Apple is to strengthen its position in the Indian market. Reducing logistics costs and customs duties will allow the company to sell smartphones at a lower price.
In addition to the "Apple" of the Corporation of the transfer of production from China was puzzled by Intel. This week, the semiconductor giant announced that from June 14 this year, testing and packaging of some system logic sets will be equally distributed between enterprises in China and Vietnam.
Previously, Intel has already begun to transfer part of the testing and packaging of CPUs and other products to Vietnam. In addition, the direct production of crystals for Intel semiconductor products is located outside of China, Vietnam, and Malaysia. In these three countries, only the placement of crystals in the body is carried out. In the future, the share of the production load of Chinese enterprises may gradually decrease.
Interestingly, in the past, Intel has already used production in Vietnam, but then completely moved it to China. Now the company again transfers part of the orders to the Vietnamese enterprise.