Everyone knows that smoking is a bad habit. Every smoker sooner or later tries to quit Smoking. But why is it so hard to do?
What is nicotine?
Tobacco leaves that contain nicotine
Nicotine is an alkaloid found in nightshade plants. Its greatest concentration is observed in the leaves of tobacco and shag. In small doses, nicotine is found in tomato, eggplant, potatoes, and even green pepper!
Why do plants store nicotine in themselves? For the same reason a coffee tree stores caffeine: against insects. For them, many alkaloids are deadly, and nicotine is no exception.
For humans, it is not fatal, but only in small concentrations. In large quantities, it has a negative effect on the body. And not so much nicotine is harmful as harmful resins contained in cigarettes: accumulating in the body, they constantly harm him.
Nicotine is a drug?
Dried tobacco leaves. They contain a huge amount of nicotine
Yes. It is believed that nicotine is a light type of drug because it can cause a strong dependence, which begins to manifest itself after a month of regular Smoking cigarettes.
And this dependence is not weaker than cocaine or alcohol: a person is constantly drawn to "smoke". Nicotine enters the human body and stimulates the production of adrenaline ("speed hormone"), dopamine ("hormone of joy") and other hormones.
Having enjoyed once, a person strives to feel a pleasant feeling again. So there is a dependency.
How does nicotine work in large quantities?
Nicotine itself is a white powder. But the lethal dose for a person is only 1 gram
Nicotine, getting into the body, immediately absorbed into the bloodstream, and in just a couple of seconds, it has an effect on the Central nervous system. With each cigarette smoked, it accumulates in the internal organs, bone tissue and even in the human brain.
Under the influence of a large amount of nicotine, resins and other substances contained in the cigarette, the genetic code of cells can change, leading to the appearance of cancer tumors.
Nicotine and other alkaloids are slowly degraded in the liver. But all is compounded by the constant Smoking: he does not have time to break up. Even a month of Smoking experience can lead to the fact that there will be a chronic intoxication of the body from nicotine.
Why is it so difficult to quit nicotine?
Almost all smokers are well aware that it is incredibly difficult to quit Smoking, primarily due to nicotine addiction. Any addiction, including nicotine, has two sides: physical and psychological.
Under the physical side of Smoking, addiction refers to the violation of some natural processes in the human body.
After all, new mechanisms are being created that require nicotine intake. And if this substance is not supplied, the person feels discomfort, which is caused by the fact that the body begins to wean from nicotine - this process is called "abstinence".
Withdrawal is experienced by any smoker, having slept for about 8 hours. And this will continue for as long as there are new portions of nicotine.
Winning withdrawal syndrome is possible. It is enough just not to smoke a certain period of time. However, malignant smokers are not able to cope with this task, since besides the physical side, nicotine addiction also has a psychological component.
Some can not imagine their lives without coffee and a cigarette. And over the years of Smoking from the circle of communication gradually go non-smokers and smokers remain. How do you quit when everyone's Smoking?
In any case, it is necessary to throw. And if you do not smoke, then do not start!