There are enough black spots in human history. Some of them are the fault of people, some — the fault of nature. The consequences are always very unpleasant and deplorable. We remember the most terrible catastrophes of the last century, which can not be forgotten, even if you really want.
Earthquake in Armenia
A terrible earthquake that completely destroyed the Armenian city of Spitak and caused serious damage to another twenty cities occurred in 1988. It is estimated by experts as one of the strongest earthquakes on the planet. Spitak was in ruins in just 30 seconds.
In addition to the cities, about sixty villages were completely destroyed. According to the researchers, the energy that escaped from the ground was equal to the one that destroyed Hiroshima.
In total, about 25 thousand people died during the earthquake, more than one hundred thousand were left disabled, and half a million were left without a roof over their heads ...
Fog and Britain are indivisible concepts. This is one of the first things associated with the British Empire. But in 1952 London covered a terrible fog, which was caused by unnatural reasons.
The post-war industry was actively restored, many factories and plants were launched, the smoke from which filled the city.
The locals themselves helped to aggravate the situation. Because of the early cold weather, everyone was actively heating the stoves, hence all the pipes in the city were Smoking.
As a result, a huge smog covered London and surrounding areas, which led to the death of twelve thousand people. This case is considered one of the largest environmental disasters of the last century.
Great Chilean Earthquake
Like the earthquake in Armenia, it is considered one of the largest in the history of mankind. It happened on May 22, 1960, in 435 kilometers from the capital Santiago.
The impact affected a total area of two hundred thousand square kilometers. The earthquake killed about six thousand people, there were a hundred thousand on the street.
Great damage was caused not only to the urban environment but also industrial. At that time, the total loss of power was estimated at half a billion dollars.
It should be noted that this is due to the fact that after the main tremors for several days the country swept residual, even reached the Tierra Del Fuego (South of the country).
Cyclone trajectory. One of the deadliest incidents that led to war and the formation of a new state
Cyclone Bhola, which caused one of the worst tsunamis in Pakistan and India, was formed in 1970. It was formed on November 8 and hit the coast after four days of a terrible tsunami.
The cyclone struck West Bengal and East Pakistan. Coastal settlements just flattened to the ground. The tsunami claimed the lives of about half a million people.
During the elimination of the consequences, it became clear that after the destruction of the cities, the tsunami "washed away" the border between Pakistan and India, in connection with which a war began between the States for the division of territory, which ended with the separation of East Pakistan and the formation of a new state - Bangladesh.
This is all that remains of the plant: rotten pipes and installations
Another disaster that affected India. About it for some reason not so often remembered, although the consequences at the Bhopal release was about the same as when the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant!
December 3, 1984, at the plant of the American company for the production of pesticides Union Carbide, had an accident, which in the air got about forty-two tons of toxic substances.
Because of the release killed more than 3 thousand people. In the next few years, another fifteen thousand died. The total number of victims is estimated at 600 thousand people.
It is believed that the most important reason for the accident was the mistake of the company's economists. They miscalculated the demand for the products. Because of this, the company moved to the austerity mode. Unfortunately, decided to save on the safety of people...