In this release of "Made in China" you will learn about the launch of satellites with artificial intelligence to monitor the Earth, the secret surveillance of tourists in China and a promising rival battery electric vehicles.
Satellites with artificial intelligence will appear in earth orbit
China plans to create a network of 192 satellites with artificial intelligence functions in earth orbit. The project was named Leo — in honor of the constellation Leo. The purpose of the devices will be to monitor the environmental condition of the planet, the prevention of natural disasters and the analysis of traffic flows.
The Leo satellites will take pictures of the Earth's surface and using the built-in neuroblock that mimic the human brain. And then analyze the pictures and identify bad shots. In particular, filter out photos with various defects and distortions due to high temperature or other factors. Only the highest quality personnel of value to researchers and customers will be sent to Earth.
The use of AI technologies will also allow Leo to control the movement of satellites in an Autonomous mode and, if necessary, adjust their trajectory. Prior to this, satellites were not functions of pilot — management carried out remotely from Earth. To run them you plan to use a Chinese rocket "Jielong-1". It is capable of carrying several satellites with a total weight of up to 150 kg to a height of 600 km. the First Leo devices will be sent into orbit in 2021.
China secretly infects tourists' smartphones with spyware
This week it became known that the customs officers of the Chinese region of Xinjiang secretly install spyware applications on the gadgets of tourists. This information was published by several major American publications, including the Guardian, Motherboard, The New York Times.
During customs control border guards require tourists crossing the border with Kyrgyzstan, smartphones and passwords to unlock them. Mobile devices are taken to another room, and after a while they are returned to their owners. If it is an iPhone, then it is connected to the computer during the scan and with the help of special SOFTWARE I view all the contents of the gadget. In the case of Android-smartphones, a special application is installed on them, which scans memory and collects data.
An application called BXAQ or Fēng cǎi searches your smartphone for contacts, text messages, call history, calendar entries, frequently launched applications and even user aliases in different services. This data is then uploaded somewhere to the server. Reportedly, the app also scans your device for the presence of more than 73 000 files involving extremist content, the publication of ISIS, quotes from the Quran, and so on. After checking the application should be removed, but customs officers sometimes forget to do it, so it became known about it.
According to media investigations, Xinjiang, where predominantly Muslim minorities live, has been implementing advanced technologies to restrict the rights and freedoms of certain ethnic groups for several years. Their representatives are forced to install on smartphones applications to spy on them, and on the streets there are cameras with the ability to recognize faces.
China refuses rechargeable electric vehicles
The Chinese government has announced plans to abolish subsidies for battery electric vehicle manufacturers and start investing in the development of hydrogen fuel cells. As reported, the Japanese company Toyota will soon become the main supplier of key technologies for FAW Higer Bus — the largest Chinese manufacturers of trucks and buses. According to the representative of Toyota Cayo DOI, this step is an important step in the promotion of electric cars on hydrogen fuel cells.
It is reported that the decision to switch from rechargeable to hydrogen electric vehicles was made after the visit of Chinese Prime Minister Li Keqiang to Japan in 2018. During his stay, he visited the production facilities of Toyota, where Toyota CEO Akio Toyoda told him that the vehicle Mirai FCV in a few minutes dressed with 650 km of road.
Later, the Chinese ministries were ordered to start the transition to hydrogen fuel cells — the relevant actions were taken as soon as possible. Already in April of this year, Toyota announced that it will supply its technology to the Beijing automobile group (BAIC). In the same month, Wang gang, a former Audi engineer and Creator of Chinese electric vehicles, made an important contribution to the popularization of fuel cells. According to him, it is the future to which it is necessary to aspire.
Note that at the end of June this year, the presentation of the first Chinese hydrogen car — Grove Obsidian. Its main feature was the power reserve of 1000 km from a single charge, which is much more in comparison with battery analogues. The body of the car is made of carbon materials and has a low aerodynamic resistance, thereby reducing fuel consumption. Its charging takes only 3 minutes, and it allocates only environmentally safe water vapor. The beginning of serial production of Grove Obsidian is planned for 2020.