Find out what will give users a new generation of mobile communication and whether it is worth buying smartphones with 5g support right now.
What is 5G?
5G (fifth generation) - is the abbreviated name of the fifth generation of mobile communications, which will replace the existing 3G and 4G. Behind this reduction lies a whole set of technologies, many of which are still under development. Completion of the testing phase and approval of standards is expected not earlier than 2020.
What are the main differences between 5G and existing standards?
The introduction of the fifth generation of mobile networks promises to be a revolutionary breakthrough in the field of communication through the following innovations:
- Massive MIMO - This technology involves the use of multiple antennas on transceivers. As a result, the data rate and signal quality will increase in proportion to the number of antennas due to the diversity of reception.
- New range - Today LTE networks occupy frequencies below 3.5 GHz. 5g standards imply the use of higher frequency bands. This will get rid of interference but will make to increase the power of transmitters and more densely place the base station.
- Network slicing (network slicing) - This technology allows mobile operators to deploy logically isolated networks, each of which will be allocated for certain needs, for example for the Internet of things, broadband access, video broadcasting and so on. Thus, the new generation mobile network will be able to adapt more flexibly to different applications.
- D2D (Device-to-device) - Devices that are close to each other will be able to communicate directly.
What do we get from the introduction of 5G?
The first and most important consequence of 5g implementation is a significant increase in data transfer speed. In the course of preliminary testing, it was recorded the achievement of peak performance at the level of 25.3 Gbit/s. if we talk about the real speeds that ordinary users expect, then in 5G they will reach 10 Gbit/s.
This means that you can download movies in Full HD in seconds.
For comparison: now the maximum speed of 4G subscribers rarely exceeds 100 MB/s Most network bandwidth will be useful for live broadcasts of high-definition video, virtual reality applications, an organization of systems of remote training.
Another 5G reduces the signal delay to 1 millisecond. Recall that now the delay can reach 10 milliseconds in 4G networks and 100 milliseconds in 3G. This improvement will enable mobile connectivity to be used even in situations where response time is critical. For example, for remote control of agricultural machinery, industrial robots or unmanned vehicles.
The global spread of fifth-generation networks is likely to lead to the gradual death of Wi-Fi. Your smartphone, tablet or laptop will always and everywhere have access to the Internet, regardless of whether there is a nearby router or not.
Will my smartphone work on the new network?
No. To use all the features of next-generation networks, you will need to have a smartphone that supports them. It is already known about the upcoming release of several such devices. Among them are Xiaomi Mi Mix 3, Samsung Galaxy S10, Motorola Moto Z3, ZTE 5G, Huawei Mate Flex, Oppo F11 Pro, Nokia 10 and some others.
However, do not rush to be at the forefront of buyers. 5G technology is actively developing, its standards have not yet been approved. It is possible that the final implementation will be slightly different from the current one, so the devices sold now will quickly become obsolete. In addition, 4G mobile networks have not fully exhausted the potential of their development.
When to Expect?
Now in many countries are testing 5G. The full launch of the first networks of the new generation is planned not earlier than 2020. This is likely to happen in the Asian region.
Edited by DeZire